This is a broad collection of information about Family Law and the Courts.
For example, it explains the principles that apply in children's matters and in property and money matters. It also explains steps that you can take yourself to sort things out after a separation and where to get help if you need it.
Roma Mitchell Commonwealth Law Courts Building
3 Angas Street
Adelaide SA 5000
GPO Box 9991
Adelaide SA 5001
Phone: 1300 352 000
Practitioners Only: 1300 720 980 Between 8.30 - 10.00 and 2.00 - 5.00
Fax: (08) 8219 1625
DX 156 Adelaide
Counter open: 8:45am - 4:30pm
Phones available: 8:30am - 5pm
In South Australia, we now have a law called the Domestic Partners Property Act. This Act applies to relationship between 2 adult persons (whether or not related by family and irrespective of their gender) who live together as a couple on a genuine domestic basis. This means that the law applies to same sex couples and other situations that were previously not recognised.
To be entitled to make a claim for property settlement, the relationship must have existed for at least 3 years or there is a child of the domestic partners.
The Court seeks to divide the property in a way that is "just and equitable" and has a number of factors to take into account.
See our public page for wills.
On a property settlement the Court may not have the power to make any Orders affecting Superannuation. But it may take this into account. The position after death is dealt with on our Public Page for Wills.
The same laws apply to the residence and care of children whether the parents are married, in a de facto relationship or have never lived together.
There are no laws for the maintenance of a former de facto spouse. The same laws apply to the support of all children regardless of the relationship between their parents.
It is possible to enter into a legally binding agreement at the commencement of the domestic relationship. There are strict legal requirements to be observed and you must see a lawyer.
Prenuptual Agreements are a binding legal agreement between a couple, agreeing as to how they will divide their property if they were to separate. These may be signed prior to marriage or during the marriage.
It is not just movie stars who sign these agreements. Usually though, one party has significantly more assets than the other party and is trying to protect these.
There are many arguments for and against such agreements. There are also very strict legal requirements to be observed and you must see a lawyer.
Marriage revokes any Will previously made unless the Will refers to contemplation of that particular marriage. People often separate but forget to change the Will which could mean that their spouse still inherits their estate. When a divorce becomes final that part of your Will that relates to your former spouse is revoked not the whole Will. It is important to seek legal advice about the impact of this on your Will. Whenever a married couple separate, each party should review his or her Will.
You should also review your Will, Power of Attorney and any other authority that you have given you spouse or partner to sign anything on your behalf. You should consider changing pin numbers and passwords to any bank accounts or financial records that your former has had or may access to.
See Foolkit's page on wills.
Maintenance for children is known as child support. Both parents are liable for supporting their children financially. The amount that is paid is worked out by a formula. There are calculators on the Child Support web site that work out how much support should be paid.
If either parent is unhappy with the Child Support Agency's assessment and they have exhausted all review processes, then an application can be made to the Court.
It is also possible in some circumstances for the parties to come to their own agreement about child support. Some types of agreements are permanent and others can be changed.
You may also have to pay/or be entitled to spousal maintenance. This is like "alimony" - it is different to child support and is for the support of your former partner or your support. It can be paid/received in addition to child support. (For information on de facto relationships, please see the special information under the Defacto Relationships topic on this page).
This form of support can be obtained by an order of the court. The individual financial circumstances of each party are considered before an order is made by the court.
Are you looking for detailed information like this, or contact details for any of the bodies mentioned on this page. If so, then start on our Family Law for Lawyers page.
If it isn't there, then start on our Finding Detailed Legal Information page.
Please read our warning on that page "Be careful using these resources".
The Law is not always as straightforward as it appears. We have not included any information about when and how to use that information or any traps. We assume that the Lawyers will know this.
Please give us feedback about your experiences using Foolkit and ideas for improvements.
When a relationship ends and there are children of that relationship, both parents usually wish to maintain contact with the child or children. The way in which the parents (called the husband and wife by lawyers and the Courts) establish and maintain this contact can be made formal through the Courts, to give the parties some certainty as to the arrangement.
The Court Orders dealing with child issues are called live with orders and time spent with orders. These address issues such as :
Children's needs and their best interests are the paramount or first consideration in any separation or family breakdown.
When determining what are the best interests of the child the court must look at 'primary' (most important) considerations and 'secondary' (other) considerations.
The primary considerations are:
In making decisions about what are the best interests of the child the Court must have regard to the following principles:
Although there may be a presumption of equal shared responsibility for children, this is one of a number of matters to be considered and it does not mean that the children will automatically spend equal time with each parent.
Sometimes a formal arrangement addressing these issues is not necessary as some parents are able to come to an amicable arrangement without assistance.
Assistance and counselling is available through agencies such as Relationships Australia.
Everyone applying to a Family Law court for a parenting order must attend, or attempt to participate in, family dispute resolution - unless their situation fits one of the exceptions set out in the Family Law Act 1975. For more information see Law Handbook (SA) - Family Dispute Resolution and Search Register of Family Dispute Resolution Providers.
In some child custody cases, especially family violence scenarios, an independent laywer can be appointed for the child to ensure that the voice of the child is heard.
For information on children and separation see:
Because of its highly personal nature, Family Law is full of heartfelt disputes that often end up in Court. Court cases (of any kind) are always fraught with uncertainties about how long they will go on for, what they will cost and who will win.
Lawyers are bound by strict rules of confidentiality. So you can see them at any stage for advice, even prior to separation.
If the issue is the care of children then you should see Relationships Australia and take their advice on resolving the issues before seeing a lawyer. The service is free.
Child maintenance issues are handled by the Child Support Agency (on behalf of the Carer). Their service is also free. Lawyers usually only become involved in child maintenance issues that are well out of the ordinary run of things, or to assist the paying parent.
In cases of spousal maintenance (the Americans call it alimony) and property settlement we always recommend that your first step should be to see a solicitor. If you are intending to speak to your spouse yourself or want to try mediation; it is an excellent idea to find out in advance from an experienced independent lawyer what your rights and options are.
A lawyer will become involved as much or as little as you wish. Many people lack experience or confidence in these situations, and it is all the harder when it is so personal and so important to you.
The following information will be useful to your lawyer. You can save time and money by preparing the following information for your lawyer prior to your interview, and providing it to your lawyer at the interview:
Remember to bring along any relevant documentation such as Certificates and Court Documents.
Crisis counselling, support, referral to safe accommodation.
Ph. 1300 782 200 (24 hours).
After hours Crisis Care ph. 131 611.
Ph. 1800 800 098 (24 hours) .
Counselling for victims of domestic violence and their concerned friends.
Counselling for people who commit domestic violence. web site: www.dvirc.org.au
Family & Youth Services (Child Abuse Report line)
Ph. 131 478
Police 000 or 131 444
After hours crisis support (violence and abuse, suicide, child protection etc).
4pm-9am plus weekends & public hols. Ph. 131 611.
Ph. (08) 8303-0590 or 1800 188 158. web site: www.wis.sa.gov.au
Ph. (08) 8221-5553 legal advice line. web site: wlssa.org.au
Provides free legal advice and support to the prevention of family and domestic violence, rape and sexual assault.
Legal assistance for restraining orders, family court applications, criminal injuries compensation and some court attendances. Services: information, referral, advocacy.
Sexual Assault Unit ""Mura Wittila"" is auspiced by Warndu AFVLS.
26 Jervois St (PO Box 2087)
Ph: 08 8642 3923.
Tel: 08 8641 2195
Fax: 08 8641 2348